A. Codex Sangallensis 904.
This manuscript is in the Stiftsbibliothek of St Gall. It consists of 240 pages, and contains the Latin text of the first sixteen books of Priscian and of part of book seventeen down to the word “naturaliter” Hertz ii. 147 l. 18. Traube has shewn that it was written by some of the friends of Sedulius; he supposes that it was copied in some Irish monastery in the first half of the ninth century, and brought by wandering Irishmen to the continent. The Latin text is in different hands. The margin has been cut in binding, so that some of the notes have been mutilated, particularly on the upper margin.
The manuscript contains between the lines and on the margins both Irish and Latin notes and glosses; the Irish, however, predominate. The glosses are written in different hands from those which wrote the Latin text. At least three hands are to be distinguished. The chief glossator (A) extends to 65b5. 64b6 .i. uás · lestar is from the second glossator (B); 65b7 atriur is again from A. B wrote the glosses from 65b8 to the end of the page, the glosses on 66a and 66b, the glosses on 67a and the glosses on 67b except 67b19, and 22, which are from A, who wrote the bulk of the glosses from 68a to the end. A third hand (C) has added scattered glosses throughout, often short Latin explanations. With regard, however, to the scattered glosses which do not come from A or B, Professor Thurneysen writes: “The question is more difficult how far the glosses of another hand (i.e. than A and B) have the same
- Instances from B will be found in Celt. Zeitschr. iv. 472. Instances from C are á deletionibus fricando enim deletur littera = Sg. 3b4; custos mulorum = Sg. 33b3; pelex = Sg. 38b7; lapis triumphi = Sg. 69a19; celer = Sg. 69a21; hortulanus = Sg. 92b1; ab eo quod est tronitr˘ = Sg. 94a4; sanguineus tumor = Sg. 96b1.
- Thus .i. anchora B, .i. anchora vel onus quodlibet quo naues stabiliuntur C = Sg. 22a5; quia dicitur Euripides (Aeripides C) qui in illo die natus est quo Athenienses cum Persis in Eurupo (Aeripo C) bellum commisserunt = Sg. 31a6.
- Ed. Ascoli, 1879 (Archivio Glottologico Italiano vi.); cf. Zeuss, Grammatica Celtica² xi. sq.; Nigra, Reliquie Celtiche; Hertz, Grammatici Latini II. xv. sq.; W. S., Notes on the St Gallen Glosses, Celt. Zeitschr. ii. 473 sq.; Strachan, Some Notes on the Irish Glosses of Würzburg and St Gall, Celt. Zeitschr. iii. 55 sq.. On the Language of the St Gall Glosses, Celt. Zeitschr. iv. 470 sq.
- According to the pagination of the codex itself, it should contain 249 pages. This pagination is correct down to p. 78. But the following page is numbered not 79 but 88, so that every page after p. 78 is numbered 9 too much; cf. Nigra, op. cit. 4. In the present edition the pagination of the manuscript has been followed.
- O Roma Nobilis, pp. 50 (373) sq. Güterbock, KZ. xxxiii. 92 note, has sought to determine the date more accurately from some notes on the margin of the codex. If his data are correct, the manuscript was written either in the year 845 or in the year 856.
- Gramm. Celt.² xi. note. Nigra, op. cit. 27 sq.; at the end of his book Nigra gives specimens of different hands.
- For the information here given we are indebted to the kindness of Prof. Thurneysen.