2. Codices Bedae.
Irish notes and glosses have been discovered in two manuscripts of Bede:
- (a) Codex Carolsruhanus (Augiensis) clxvii.
- (b) Codex Bedae Vindobonensis n. 15298 (or Suppl. 2698).
These two codices shew the same recension of the Latin text. In part the Irish glosses are identical in both. These common glosses must have come from a common source; they have not been copied from one codex into the other.
(a) Codex Augiensis clxvii, nunc Carolsruhanus.
This manuscript once belonged to the monastery of Reichenau, and is now in the Hof- und Landesbibliothek at Carlsruhe. It now consists of 49 leaves, of which, however, 5–12 belong to a distinct codex of Beda. The manuscript contains a selection of his works. It is interspersed with notes and glosses in various hands, from one of which come the Irish notes and glosses.
Various chronological notes are added on the margins, most of which are printed below, p. 283. Others are:
- fo. 4r [marg. sup.] óengusso†.
- fo. 15b [marg. sup. to dcccxvii] aed rex hiberniæ moritur.
- fo. 17a [Mai.] H xiiii K a u kl. depositio sancti germani episcopi.
- fo. 17b [Iul.] Kii n m g uiii id Nataƚ sancti Chiliani cum sociis suis.
- fo. 17b [tr 1 β e b d b u 7 Klb. in marg. d] bás muirchatho maicc maile dúin hicluain maccunois á imda chiarain .x. anno.
- fo. 17c [marg. inf.] IN gallia sancti Quintini cuius corpus post annos .lv. ab angelo reuelatum est uiii Kl. iuli...7 (to Aug. icu ice ii Kl. IN .h. xiiii đ. h. x).
From a series of marginal entries in another hand, the last of which is dcccxlviii vi·m xlviii ab initio mundi Zimmer concludes that the Latin text was written before the year 848. The date of the addition of the Irish glosses he seeks to determine from the marginal note on fo. 17b in the hand of the scribe who wrote the Irish glosses. The Muirchath mentioned there is identified by him, with great probability, with the Muirchath whose deposition is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters a.d. 821. If immediately after his deposition he retired to Clonmacnois, his death, if the identification be correct, would have taken place about a.d. 831, i.e. in the tenth year of his retirement. Zimmer supposes that the scribe was on terms of friendship with Muirchath before he left Ireland, and regards it as probable that the glosses were written about 850 a.d.
- Edd. Zimmer, Glossae Hibernicae, 229–233, W. S., The Old-Irish Glosses at Würzburg and Carlsruhe, 210–237; cf. Zimmer Gloss. Hib. xxiv. sq.
- On the margins of 14c–15b are the Annales Augienses breuissimi; cf. Moae, Anzeiger für Kunde der deutschen Vorzeit iv. 14; Pertz, Monumenta Germ. iii. 136 sq.; Zimmer, Glossae Hibernicae, xxv. sq.; F. Kurze, Neues Archiv xxiv. 444.
- = the Annales Augienses breuissimi, see preceding note.
- Gloss. Hib. xxv. sq.