Description of the MSS. containing the glosses
etc. printed in this volume.
1. Codex Augustini Carolsruhani.
This manuscript formerly belonged to the monastery of Reichenau and is now in the Hof- und Landesbibliothek at Carlsruhe, where it is numbered Codex Augiensis cxcv. It consists of 47 leaves, of which 7, 8, 19, 20, 21, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 41, 42 are palimpsest. Most of the pages contain two columns; ff. 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 37, 45, 46, 47 contain only one. Fo. 1 and fo. 47, which were once attached to the inner sides of the wooden cover, but have now been separated from it and are included in the pagination, do not belong to the codex. Fo. 1 is very faded; in col. 1 twenty-four fresh lines have been written, according to Windisch, probably in the same hand as the bulk of the codex. The greater part of the codex (fo. 2–fo. 39 col. 1) is occupied by the Soliloquies of St Augustine; in these folios and in the twenty-four lines added on fo. 1 the Irish notes and glosses are found.
Windisch considers that the Irish glosses are probably in the same hand as the Latin text, some of them having been written at the same time as the Latin, others having been added afterwards, but that some of the corrections may be in another hand.
According to Mone, Holder, and Windisch the codex belongs to the ninth century. This date is supported by certain linguistic peculiarities in the MS., particularly by some changes which have taken place in final vowels: rei = rée 2d1, etargna = etargne 6a2, taudbartha 7a2, reta corptha 8b1, besgna 13d1, insarta 27b1. But the glosses may in whole or in part be older. Such errors as sochtmacht 5d4, adromarsu 7a1, asrubartmart 12c1, aim 14a2, caisin 28r1, point to transcription.
- Edd. Windisch, Irische Texte ii. 146–163, W. S., The Old-Irish glosses at Würzburg and Carlsruhe, 143–163. For a full description of the codex see Windisch, op. cit. 143–146. A specimen of the writing will be found in Silvestre-Madden, Palaeography p. 609.
- At the bottom of the first page of the codex proper is written “Liber Augie Maioris.”
- A still more decisive proof of this is to be found in 12d, if the conjecture be right that after innahí some words like adciat indhí have been omitted per incuriam.