Main Page/Түрқменчә

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Language info
ISO code tk
English name Turkmen
Native name Түрқмен
Category Түрқмен (5 pages)

Turkmen (Түрқменчә Түрқмен дили, تورکمن تیلی ,تورکمنچه), is a Turkic language spoken by 5 million people in Turkmenistan, where it is the official state language, as well as by around 1,400,000 people in northeastern Iran,The group known as "Iraqi Turkmen" are actually speakers of South Azeri and not all tribes that are called "Turkmen" in northeastern Iran are speakers of Turkmen; many are speakers of Khorasani Turkic. 700,000 people in northwestern Afghanistan, and Turkmen communities abroad.

The Turkmen language is spoken mostly in Europe and Asia. The two-letter code reserved for Turkmen domains in wikimedia projects is tk


Turkmen is a member of the East Oghuz branch of theTurkic family of languages; its closest relatives being Anatolian Turkish and Azerbaijani Turkish, with which it shares a relatively high degree ofmutual intelligibility.

Turkmen has vowel harmony, is agglutinative, and has no grammatical gender. Word order is subject–object–verb.

Written Turkmen today is based on the Teke (Tekke) dialect.The Teke dialect is sometimes (especially in Afghanistan) referred to as "Chagatai", but like all Turkmen dialects it reflects only a limited influence from classical |Chagatai.

Writing system[edit]

Arabic alphabet (-1923 yy)[edit]

ا ب پ ت ث ج چ د
ر ز س ش غ ق ی گ
ڴ ک م ن و ۇ ه ل
ي ء

Latin alphabet-Yanalif (1924-1938 yy)[edit]

А а B b C c Ç ç D d E e Ә ә F f
G g Ƣ ƣ H h İ i J j K k Қ қ L l
М м N n Ŋ ŋ О о Ө ө Р р R r S s
Ş ş T t U u Ų ų Ŭ ŭ V v X x Z z
Ƶ ƶ Ь ь

Cyrillic-Soviet alphabet (from 1939 y)[edit]

А а Ə ә Б б В в Г г Ғ ғ Д д Е е
Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Қ қ Л л
М м Н н Ң ң О о Ө ө П п Р р С с
Т т У у Ү ү Ұ ұ Ф ф Х х Һ һ Ц ц
Ч ч Ҷ ҷ Ш ш Ы ы Э э Ю ю Я я