introductory in english.
see "alteutonik" further ahead.
thirty easy abbreviations used
before i go farther, it wl b well t give a few points v (ov) information t printers w,hr no "caps" are used.
one line drawn under a word in a manuscript indicates t e typesetter tht e word s t b in italics; two lines mean full face; three lines mean large letters from e lowercase for general headings; a waving line drawn under a word means "spacing"; tht s, an "n" quad t b placed between e letters n two quads between a several words, for e sake v emphasis or attention. e germans, scandinavians, n hollanders employ spacing very often in place v "italics," or "full face" type. it is often convenient for tht purpose, as no new font is required.
an "m" n "n" quad shd b placed after every period at e end v a sentence, whr no capital letters are used, t give a clearer opening between sentences.
e four fundamental principles
thr are four great fundamental principles, or cornerstones in language construction, whc shd be learned by heart n printed with full face type, namely:
- e ease v e suggestive action s strong in proportion t e number v times e words n ideas h bn associated in consciousness. — (h. spencer)
- e more mental energy required t master e words, e less mental energy s left for e ideas contained.
- language shd proceed from e known t e unknown.
- language shd proceed from e simple t e complex.
it s not necessary to prove at length tht e foregoing statements are true. those readers for whom ths s written will understand tht they are true without proof. for e benefit, however, v less philosophical minds we may say briefly:
- that words often heard call up memory n e suggestive action more easily n quickly than words seldom heard. thr cn b no doubt about tht, whc s e first principle.